Hitler Youth – The Generations of Lost Innocence. 10 frame (160 pages) multiple awarded (e.g 7 x gold, and grand award winner) thematic exhibit (US Display category exhibit) by Dr Edwin J. Andrews, an APS accredited Chief Philatelic Judge and know philatelic author. Dr. Andrews was the lead author of the 7th edition of the APS Manual of Philatelic Judging. Purpose and Treatment: This is a 10 frame Display Division exhibit detailing the creation, exploitation and demise of the Hitler Youth from their inception in 1922 to denazification in 1945. The story is captured in six chapters which extend from two to three decimal places in detail. As a display exhibit a wide variety of original philatelic and non-philatelic elements were used, over 65 different types throughout. These include letters, photographs, news/magazine/article clippings, badges and medals, uniform accoutrements, autographs, awards, certificates, advertising and cigarette cards, ticket stubs, various types of currency, etc. The philatelic elements cover the gamut from mint stamps, revenue stamps, and semi-postal stamps, to Cinderella material including facsimiles, labels, vignettes, letter seals, poster stamps, and various types of postal history elements such as express mail, registered mail, field post covers, event covers and cancels, slogan cancels, postal stationery, pneumatic mail, errors of various kinds such as pre-print paper creases, double transfers, etc. There are 691 elements used of which 420 or 61% are philatelic, thus, more than adequately by US Guidelines, carrying the story line. There are some pages with only philatelic material (26) and others with only non-philatelic material (15) but overall (119 or 74%), the pages have a mixture of both elements, averaging 3.9 elements per page with a range of 1 to 7 elements. In almost all cases the elements are tied chronologically to the time period of the story line. The plan begins with a prologue to set the stage for the development of the German youth movement and, the influences of governments and war on the rise of socialism and therein, the genesis of the Hitler Youth. The plan ends with an epilogue reviewing the aftermath of the war and the resurgence of German youth organizations. The ability to detail each facet of this story is limited simply by the space available. Accordingly, in many sections examples carry the story line rather than an exhaustive presentation of every fact. Importance: Subject importance – Historically, the Hitler Youth program affected two generations of children, teens and young adults in Germany and all occupied countries, spanning the period of 1922 through the end of WW II. The Allies spent millions of dollars and manpower in reversing the brainwashing effects of the program in order to rehabilitate youth to meaningful places in post war European society. Hitler had, through the HJ, created the largest para-military force ever assembled, numbering 8 million youth by 1940. By comparison, the Nazi Party itself had only 6 million members. The blatant exploitation of youth and the often fatal use of HJ in military operations, is second only to the holocaust itself. The exhibit provides a series of historical vignettes guiding the viewer through the creation of the HJ, its administration, operations, militarization and final demise. Philatelic importance stems from the necessity for the Third Reich to create a myriad of philatelic items to support the HJ. This included new issues of revenue and savings stamps specifically designated for HJ use, annual semi-postal issues used for propaganda and focused on the HJ, and following militarization of the HJ, the necessity for various postal stationery items, field post cards and envelopes and a large variety of propaganda and special event cancels related to the HJ. The exhibit shows all of these items as elements intertwined with the story and providing support for the text. Exhibit importance rests with this being the first and only time the story of the HJ has been told in graphic detail using philatelic and non-philatelic elements to support the story. The exhibit simply cannot be reproduced without years of effort to assemble relevant material. As a display division exhibit it has been characterized by knowledgeable judges as a “masterwork” and “an exemplar” or “standard” for the display division in US exhibiting. Great care has been taken to assure that all types of relevant knowledge are shown in the exhibit including display, thematic, philatelic, deltiological and historical knowledge. Knowledge and Research: The subject was thoroughly researched using web sites, books, articles, primary and secondary research. Rarity and Condition: There are many rare or scarce items scattered throughout the exhibit. These are noted with a blue outline in contrast to the normal maroon matting for all other material. These should be obvious when encountered, but not obtrusive. Bold text is also used for these rare and scarce items. Following is a list of important items by frame/page: Important Item List: F1/1 Hitler signature on document, 1938. F1/2 1938 Adolf Dressler engraving of 1939 stamp issue. This is part of a complete set of these rare engravings which are used throughout the exhibit. These are large sized engravings with simulated perforations die-sunk on Japan paper. Mention of these items is found as a note following Michel 664, 691, 701, (var). F1/9 Trench art field post card from WW I. F1/13 Kionga Triangle overprint with scarce “Republica” printing error. F2/7 1938 Adolf Dressler enlarged engraving from set mentioned above. F2/13 Scarce oversized NSSB (Nazi Student Association) label. F3/2 Scarce HJ leader racial purity certificate. F3/7 Scarce Nazi propaganda card, 1936. F4/2 HJ rank promotion notice – rare. F4/12 Adolf Dressler engraving from aforementioned set, 1938. F4/16 Rare, unissued Nuremberg propaganda PPC proofs, 1939. F5/6 Adolf Dressler engraving from aforementioned set, 1938. F6/11 Third Class Mothers Cross with certificate, 1939. F8/4 Adolf Dressler engraving from aforementioned set, 1938. F9/11 Rare Axster von Heüdtlass propaganda PPC. F9/15 Rare Panzerfaust field instruction booklet. F9/16 HJ Eastern Front lapel buttoner – scarce. F10/8 RAD (Labor Front) Wehrmacht conscript dog tag, 1945. Presentation: A neat, attractive, interesting and valuable exhibit. The exhibit has been awarded at APS accredited exhibitions with seven gold medals, two reserve grand awards, one grand award (Southeast Stamp Expo, Atlanta, January 2016), three best display exhibit awards, three American Topical Association first awards, the American Philatelic Society (APS) 1940-1980 Medal of Excellence, the American Association of Philatelic Exhibitors (AAPE) Best Plan & Headers award, AAPE Creativity award, Germany Philatelic Society (GPS-US) gold (twice), GPS President’s award, GPS Grand Champion, GPS Special Prize (Minister Book from the Bund), the Ephemera Society Special Award of Merit, The National Topical Stamp Show Most Popular and the National Stamp Dealers Association Most Popular awards. It represented the Atlanta show in the 2016 APS Champion of Champions and received a Prix d’Honour. Exhibitors press, Columbia SC published the exhibit in 2017 as volume 1 of the Grand Award Winners series (ISBN 978-1545144183). A copy of the book is part of the lot.
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